Although dentists make the procedure mostly pain free, losing a tooth causes anxiety among the stoutest of patients. Never fear, the procedure for a tooth extraction has gone high tech.
The Standard Tooth Extraction Procedure
After prepping you for the tooth extraction, your dentist injects a local anesthetic at the section of the gum securing the tooth. The local anesthetic alleviates enough of the pain, without making you groggy for an extended period after the extraction. Patients that require multiple tooth extractions may need a stronger general anesthetic to mitigate the pain. General anesthetics cause you to fall asleep during the tooth extraction. Dentists remove impacted teeth by peeling back the bone and gum tissue that surround the tooth. Using a forceps, your dentist then gently moves the impacted tooth back and forth until it loosens enough for extraction.
Why Do Dentists Perform Teeth Extractions?
Ideally, your teeth should last a lifetime. Unfortunately, most dental patients do not take proper care of their teeth. Genetics also plays a role in determining the likelihood of someone needing a tooth removed. The American Dental Association (ADA) lists several other reasons for a tooth extraction.
Teeth that incur severe damage caused by decay or trauma require removal. Leaving a damaged or decayed tooth inside of your mouth can cause immense pain, as well as encourage bacteria growth that leads to oral diseases.
Small Mouth, Too Many Teeth
Some people require teeth extractions because they have too many teeth for the size of their mouths. Dentists also pull teeth from crowded mouths to align the teeth for orthodontic procedures. Dental patients may also require teeth extractions to make room for a new tooth that cannot pop through the gum.
Tooth damage or decay that extends to the pulp prompts dentists to perform tooth extractions. The pulp is where sensitive nerves run and vessels carry blood to the gums. Exposed tooth pulp invites bacteria that cause painful tooth infections. Root canal therapy takes care of the easy cases, but dentists must remove infected teeth that have severe pulp damage. Compromised immune systems enhance the severity of tooth infections. People that undergo immune system procedures such as chemotherapy should have mildly infected teeth pulled.
Periodontal disease weakens the bone and tissue that help secure teeth into the gums. Once a tooth loosens from the grasp of a gum, dentists typically recommend that patients have the tooth removed to prevent bacteria from entering the gum cavity. Regular checkups help dentists monitor the onset of periodontal disease.
Advanced technology and the development of improve dental skills have combined to make a tooth extraction easy to take for patients that fear sitting in the dental office chair. Look at a tooth extraction as preventive medicine, a procedure that enhances your health by preventing bacteria from morphing into a painful infection.
A tooth extraction is an important dental procedure and if you are unsure about the benefits or the need for a tooth extraction, be sure to contact us at Saifee Family Dentistry in Spring, Texas today. We can evaluate your pain and discomfort and determine whether a tooth extraction is the best choice for you. If an extraction is required, we can make the procedure as comfortable as possible.